Psychosocial intervention and post-war Reconstruction in Angola: interweaving Western and traditional approaches

The intra-state wars that now comprise the dominant form of armed conflict in the world cause immense physical, psychological, and social damage, and create profound obstacles to peace. Worldwide, approximately a quarter of a million children participate in military activity, often as the result of victimization, coercion, or economic desperation. Many have killed or witnessed tortures, executions, and deaths. In Angola in 1994, there were over 9,000 child soldiers, most of whom had been forcibly recruited at age 13 to 14 years.

Forgotten fighters: Child Soldiers in Angola

This report is based on research conducted in Angola in November and December 2002. Human Rights Watch conducted interviews in the capital, Luanda, and in the two provinces of BiƩ and Moxico.