Hidden violence is silent rape: sexual and gender-based violence in refugees, asylum seekers and undocumented migrants in Belgium and the Netherlands

Although women, young people and refugees are vulnerable to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) worldwide, little evidence exists concerning SGBV against refugees in Europe. Using community-based participatory research, 223 in-depth interviews were conducted with refugees, asylum seekers and undocumented migrants in Belgium and the Netherlands. Responses were analysed using framework analysis.

HealthNet TPO

HealthNet TPO is a Dutch aid agency that works on health care in general but also mental health in spesific, in areas disrupted by war or disasters. In these areas people are facing the immense task of rebuilding society while they suffer from poverty, diseases and the emotional consequences of conflict. We use health as both a goal and means: the goal is to reach accessible health care for all. By working on that together with local communities we use health as a means to bring people together and to restore mutual trust.

Johannes Wier Foundation

The Johannes Wier Foundation is a Dutch human rights organisation for doctors, dentists, nurses and paramedics. The focus of the organisation is on the specific responsibility of all health care workers regarding human rights.


REDRESS helps torture survivors obtain justice and reparation. Reparation (including rehabilitation and compensation) plays an important part in the rebuilding of the lives of those who have suffered torture. Seeking legal redress also helps to combat the practice of torture by exposing torturers and the regimes which support them.

Centrum `45

Centrum `45, founded in 1973, is the dutch national centre for medical-psychological treatment for members of the resistance and victims of war and organized violence. In order to realise its aims Centrum `45 offers a broad range of therapies (in Dutch).