Implementation of the International and Regional Human Rights Framework for the Elimination of Female Genital Mutilation
FGM is a reproductive health and human rights concern that has devastating short-term and long-term impacts on the lives of women and girls. The procedure is risky and life-threatening for the girl both during the procedure and throughout thecourse of her life. FGM is considered a harmful practice and a form of violence against women.
Amnesty International, 2003
Women have paid a particularly heavy price throughout the conflict in Casamance between the Senegalese security forces and the MFDC, which has been ongoing since 1982. During this conflict, in which any civilian may be suspected of supporting the other side at any moment, some women have been taken hostage, others have been kidnapped, raped or threatened with rape.