Cooperating organisation in Cambodia The Pilot was held in Phnom Penh in february 2014. HHRI was cooperating with AFESIP Cambodia. This NGO “cares for and secures the rights of womens and girls victimized by human trafficking and sex slavery”, and works for that goal since 1996. A number of other NGO-partners were invited to join the workshop, the workshop had 31 participants. There were care takers, legal advisors, medical advisors, psychologists and others, all working with the consequences of GBV. Some of the participants were themselves survivors of GBV/severe traumatization, which represented a potential challenge during the workshop.
About Cambodia With about 15 mio inhabitants, located in the southern portion of the Indochina-Peninsula, Cambodia is amongst the densely populated countries of the world. Phnom Penh alone as the capital hosts about 2,2 mio people. The historic roots of the country are going back to the Khmer Empire about 800 AD. In newer history it became french protectorate in 1863, and first in 1953 it gained independence. The Vietnam War extended into Cambodia, during which the “Khmer Rouge” took the capital Phnom Penh. While the Khmer Rouge were in power, estimated 2 mio people got killed (estimations from 1 to 3 mio), which represented about 25 % of the population. In these times the term “Killing Fields” has risen (Cambodian Genocide at worst 1975-1979). Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia afterwards. Peace efforts began in 1989, resulting in peace settlement in 1991. Monarchy was restored in 1993. The country was shaken again by a coup d'état in 1997, politics settled gradually, nowadays Cambodia counts officially as a multiparty democracy under constitutional monarchy.
Challenges Cambodia is said to be one of the most corrupt regimes in the region, may be in the world. Probably about 30% of the population are living of less than 1 USD a day, lots of children are malnurished. Human Rights Organisations are still claiming violations of human rights. Cambodia was once one of the most landmined countries in the world, unexploded landmines are acc. some estimations responsible for about 60.000 deaths and lots of injured, despite efforts removing mines there are still casualties after hitting a forgotten mine. First in 2010 the first Khmer-Rouge-Member was found guilty, the country is still coping with the atrocities of the Khmer Rouge, most of the families are still suffering of the consequences and have lost relatives. Prostitution is wide spread, in combination with trafficking, and the victims are often still minors/children.