Will Child Soldier Recruitment Ever End?Anna Malindog-U, The Asean Post 4 October 2020
Article 38/3 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), states parties are prohibited from recruiting any person who has not attained the age of 15 years into the armed forces. Likewise, even in recruiting among those persons who have attained the age of 15 years but who have not attained the age of 18 years, states and non-state armed groups shall endeavour to give priority to those who are oldest.
Nevertheless, the recruitment of children as combatants by non-state armed groups in the Philippines continues despite the prohibitions set by the UNCRC and its Optional Protocols.https://theaseanpost.com/article/will-child-soldier-recruitment-ever-end
ICT-based Psycho-Social Trauma Relief in Refugee Camps in EthiopiaTilburg University 2018
This research into testing the delivery Self-Help Low Cost Post Traumatic Stress (SHCLCPTS) on ICT will look at the workable elements of the trauma-healing program. Furthermore, it explores the possibilities of delivering the program via ICT reflecting the high mobility of the population in question. This was carried out in refugee camps in Ethiopia.http://184.108.40.206/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/RESEARCH-REPORT_1_ICT-based-psycho-social-trauma-relief_Ethiopia_new.pdf
The association between post-traumatic stress-related symptoms, resilience, current stress and past exposure to violence: a cross sectional study of the survival of Quechua women in the aftermath of the Peruvian armed conflictEliana B. Suarez 23 Oct 2013
“The long lasting resilience of individuals and communities affected by mass violence has not been given equal prominence as their suffering. This has often led to psychosocial interventions in post-conflict zones being unresponsive to local realities and ill-equipped to foster local strengths. Responding to the renewed interest in resilience in the field of violence and health, this study examines the resilience and post-traumatic responses of Indigenous Quechua women in the aftermath of the political violence in Peru (1980–2000).”https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4016199/
Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 19 of the Convention pursuant to the optional reporting procedure, Eighth periodic report of States parties due in 2016 : NorwayUN Committee Against Torture (CAT) 16 December 2016
“The report deals with the changes in legislation and legal and administrative practice relating to the individual material provisions of the Convention that have been made since the Government of Norway submitted its combined sixth and seventh report (CAT/C/NOR/Q/7), with a reference to the list of issues adopted by the Committee at its 52nd session (CAT/C/NOR/QPR8), in accordance with the new optional reporting procedures established by the Committee at its 38th session.”https://www.refworld.org/docid/5a1fc54f4.html
Achieving universal health coverage for mental disordersPatel & Saxena 2019
“A key element of the field of global mental health is the design and evaluation of innovative strategies for integrating cost effective pharmacological and psychosocial interventions in primary healthcare. The evidence from this work, from a range of contexts including high income countries, is showing the way to integration. A theme across this evidence is the placement of non-specialised providers (including peers, community health workers, and nurses) in primary healthcare and community settings.”https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6753845/#!po=32.1429
Digital technology for treating and preventing mental disorders in low-income and middle-income countries: a narrative review of the literatureNaslund, Aschbrenner, Bartels et.al, 2017
Mental Health Among Displaced People and Refugees: Making the Case for Action at The World Bank GroupWorld Bank Group 2017
“Forcibly displaced people’s mental health needs have often been neglected in response plans. Yet meeting these needs is critical to help displaced persons overcome trauma and rebuild their lives. Without appropriate mental health care, forcibly displaced people will often be unable to benefit fully from other forms of support that are provided to them. […] A shared commitment is needed from national and international actors to champion mental health parity in the provision of health and social services, including in humanitarian emergencies. High priority should go to identifying alternative sources of financing for mental health parity in health systems.”https://www.mhinnovation.net/sites/default/files/downloads/resource/WBG_Web_MHDP_2017.pdf
TED Talk: Why I train grandmothers to treat depressionDixon Chibanda, TED talk 2017
“Dixon Chibanda is one of 12 psychiatrists in Zimbabwe – for a population of more than 16 million. Realizing that his country would never be able to scale traditional methods of treating those with mental health issues, Chibanda helped to develop a beautiful solution powered by a limitless resource: grandmothers. In this extraordinary, inspirational talk, learn more about the friendship bench program, which trains grandmothers in evidence-based talk therapy and brings care, and hope, to those in need.”https://www.ted.com/talks/dixon_chibanda_why_i_train_grandmothers_to_treat_depression?language=en#t-251724
Guided self-help intervention reduces refugees’ psychological distress and improves wellbeing in humanitarian crisesWHO 2020
|Guided self-help intervention reduces refugees’ psychological distress and improves wellbeing in humanitarian crises “First randomised trial of its kind finds multimedia guided self-help intervention can be delivered rapidly to large numbers of people in low-resource humanitarian settings by non-specialists with minimal training. […] The study is the first randomised trial of a guided self-help group intervention in a low-resource humanitarian setting. Although longer follow-up is needed to determine the long-term effects of the intervention, the authors say that guided self-help could be a promising first-line strategy to address the vast gap in mental health support in areas where humanitarian access is difficult, such as South Sudan and Syria.|
Where There Is No Psychiatrist. A Mental Health Care Manual.Vikram Patel and Charlotte Hanlon 2018
Where There Is No Psychiatrist – A Mental Health Care Manual. Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2018
“This practical manual of mental health care is vital for community health workers, primary care nurses, social workers and primary care doctors, particularly in low-resource settings. This guide gives the reader a basic understanding of mental illness by describing more than thirty clinical problems associated with mental illness and uses a problem-solving approach to guide the reader through their assessment and management. Mental health issues as they arise in specific contexts are described – in refugee camps, in school health programmes, as well as in mental health promotion.”
Presentation on: Gender-based violence manual for helpers working in NepalAnil Sharma, Gita Limbu and Alba Banoun 2020
This Power Point document is part of the course result “Introduction to Global Mental Health” with Associate Professor Ragnhild Dybdahl and Senior Advisor Unni M. Heltne responsible for the course. As part of their assignment the students primarily psychology students at University of Bergen, Norway and Tribhuvan University in Nepal, Anil Sharma, Gita Limbu and Alba Banoun have made a presentation about how they have adapted a three-day online webinar based on the “Mental health and gender-based violence Helping survivors of sexual violence in conflict – a training manual” for a Nepali audience. The core topics are: Gender Based Violence (GBV) in Nepal, Brief assessment of needs and resources in Nepal, Their adaptions and challenges in transforming the online training The GBV training manual is available in Nepalese language, you can download it here. Likewise, the Power Point presentation for the three days training is available in English download it here, and Nepalese language, download it here.
For the power point presentation that were presentet Friday 18th of December please have a look here.
The whole recording of the seminar is possible to watch here.
It’s Torture Not Therapy | A global overview of conversion therapy: practices, perpetrators, and the role of statesInternational Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT) 2020
The objective of this report is to compile information on the practices, practitioners and roles of states in conducting, supporting, promoting and acquiescing in conversion therapy. This research is intended to provide a framework for examining the practice of conversion therapy through the lens of state obligations to prevent and prosecute torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment (also ill-treatment) and to provide redress to victims.
Despite this growing trend, little information is readily available on the global breadth and scope of conversion therapy, which often occurs in the private sphere and represents a set of diverse acts from psychotherapy to ‘corrective’ violence. To our knowledge, the August 2019 report of OutRight Action International is the first comprehensive global report, based on 489 surveys across 80 countries, and convincingly establishes the existence of conversion therapy as a worldwide problem.
Webinar: SR 1325 / Rehabilitation and reintegration for survivors of Gender Based ViolenceMHHRI 12, nov 2020
Why do they want to kill us?Amnesty International 2020
Defending human rights in Colombia is a high-risk profession, especially for those who protect and promote rights to the territory, to the environment and those linked to access to land. Colombia is the most dangerous country in the world in which to carry out this legitimate and essential activity, according to the organization Global Witness.1 The crisis faced by human rights defenders in Colombia is nothing new but the situation is deteriorating, despite the adoption of a peace agreement and numerous demands from Colombian civil society organizations and the international community that the government address this violence, as the numbers of killings and the hundreds of reports of attacks, harassment and threats faced by defenders clearly illustrate.https://www.amnesty.org/download/Documents/AMR2330092020ENGLISH.PDF
Children and Adolescents – Guidelines Position Paper on Complex PTSDISTSS 2019
For the past two decades, there has been substantial debate about whether there are qualitatively different symptom profiles that can develop in children from different types of traumatic events and life circumstances. The term “complex trauma” is often used to describe both the presumed causes and the consequences of exposure to traumatic stressors when the child has experienced other significant adversities and is manifesting more severe clinical presentations. The interest in an additional descriptive term or diagnosis has been fueled by trauma-focused treatment trials pointing to the fact that the experiences of many children involve more than the trauma and more than trauma-specific symptoms (e.g., children in foster care, residential treatment, juvenile justice). Efforts to classify these clinical presentations have included a proposed Developmental Trauma Disorder (Ford, et al, 2013).https://istss.org/getattachment/Treating-Trauma/New-ISTSS-Prevention-and-Treatment-Guidelines/ISTSS_CPTSD-Position-Paper-(Child_Adol)_FNL.pdf.aspx
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Prevention and Treatment Guidelines – Methodology and RecommendationsISTSS 2019
Based on extensive reviews of the clinical research literature, the ISTSS Prevention and Treatment Guidelines are intended to assist clinicians who provide prevention and treatment interventions for children, adolescents and adults with or at risk of developing PTSD and Complex PTSD. The updated guidelines represent a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of high quality research evidence that is likely to help practitioners in their work.
“The Methodology and Recommendations document was amended on March 19, 2019, as a result of recognition that a study of early treatment for children and adolescents was wrongly classified. This has resulted in the recommendation for early treatment on page 13 being changed to, There is insufficient evidence to recommend Brief CBT-T, CBT-T or Stepped Preventative Care within the first three months of a traumatic event for the treatment of clinically relevant post-traumatic stress symptoms in children and adolescents.”https://istss.org/getattachment/Treating-Trauma/New-ISTSS-Prevention-and-Treatment-Guidelines/ISTSS_PreventionTreatmentGuidelines_FNL-March-19-2019.pdf.aspx
Wed, 9th Sep. “A Comparison of Interventions for Reduction in Distress – Trauma Healing and Peace Education”MHPSS 2020
ONE MORE DAY – Have you signed up for the webinar? “A Comparison of Interventions for Reduction in Distress: Trauma Healing and Peace Education”.
Wed, 9th September, 1PM UTC. With presentations from Florence Ntakarutimana (Catholic Relief Services), Bill Froming (Palo Alto University) and Karen Bronk Froming (Palo Alto University) that focus on the work of Catholic Relief Services in the Central African Republic.
MHPSS.net is pleased to announce the first webinar in a series organised by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee #MHPSS Reference Group’s working group on ‘MHPSS and Peacebuilding’. This webinar series features case examples of practice in the field linking MHPSS and Peacebuilding objectives and approaches. The approaches and practices shared during this series are not formally endorsed or promoted by the IASC MHPSS Reference Group, but rather are shared in the spirit of enabling dialogue, debate and learning.
Learn more: https://bit.ly/35h7Ler
Advancing the right to health: The vital role of lawWHO 2017
This report aims to raise awareness about the role that the reform of public health laws can play in advancing the right to health and in creating the conditions for people to live healthy lives. By encouraging a better understanding of how public health law can be used to improve the health of the population, the report aims to encourage and assist governments to reform their public health laws in order to advance the right to health.
The report highlights important issues that may arise during the process of public health law reform. It provides guidance about issues and requirements to be addressed during the process of developing public health laws. It also includes case studies and examples of legislation from a variety of countries to illustrate effective law reform practices and some features of effective public health legislation.https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/252815/9789241511384-eng.pdf;jsessionid=E6F803C9264E88A2E63A6275A50C9AF3?sequence=1
Policy Brief: Covid-19 and the Need for Action on Mental HealthUnited Nations 2020
Although the COVID-19 crisis is, in the first instance, a physical health crisis, it has the seeds of a major mental health crisis as well, if action is not taken. Good mental health is critical to the functioning of society at the best of times. It must be front and centre of every country’s response to and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. The mental health and wellbeing of whole societies have been severely impacted by this crisis and are a priority to be addressed urgently.
Psychological distress in populations is widespread. Many people are distressed due to the immediate health impacts of the virus and the consequences of physical isolation. Many are afraid of infection, dying, and losing family members. Individuals have been physically distanced from loved ones and peers. Millions of people are facing economic turmoil having lost or being at risk of losing their income and livelihoods. Frequent misinformation and rumours about the virus and deep uncertainty about the future are common sources of distress. A long-term upsurge in the number and severity of mental health problems is likely.https://unsdg.un.org/sites/default/files/2020-05/UN-Policy-Brief-COVID-19-and-mental-health.pdf
The War on Children: Time to end grave violations against children in conflictKirollos, Mariam; Anning, Caroline; Fylkes Knag, Gunvor; Denselow, James, Save the Children International 2018
This report identifies concerning trends for the safety and wellbeing of children living in areas impacted by conflict, through analysis of the United Nations Annual Reports of the Secretary General on Children and Armed Conflict (CAAC) and new research by the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). The research utilizes figures that are published, independently verified and credible, but one of the key findings of the data mapping process is that there is a significant and worrying gap in child-specific data in conflicts.
Although all warring parties are obliged to protect children, in conflicts around the world heinous attacks are committed against children on a daily basis, for which the perpetrators are not being held to account. What is more, many of these violations are increasing, driven bybrutal conflicts like the war in Syria. There is an urgent need for action to end what is too often a war on children.https://resourcecentre.savethechildren.net/node/13150/pdf/war_on_children-web.pdf