Tokyo Guidelines for Trauma and Reconstruction

Richard F. Mollica, MD, MAR and Yasushi Kikuchi, EdD

Assistance in "complex humanitarian emergencies" has remained largely unchanged or unchallenged since the end of World War II. One dilemma for international policy makers is that they do not have a scientific methodology for assessing the cultural, political, and social meanings of trauma in the lives of civilian populations and how these traumatic experiences alter the everyday lives of the affected individuals.

Key wordsdisaster / mental health / reconstruction / trauma / violence

CountriesGlobal / Japan

CategoryManuals and guidelines