Women war survivors of the 1989-2003 conflict in Liberia: the health consequences of sexual torture
Ruth Ojiambo-Ochieng, Helen Liebling-Kalifani & Juliet Were-Oguttu
Levels of psychological trauma are very high resulting in a large percentage of women not being able to work. The stigma and shame of womens experiences and their reproductive health problems has further impact on their identities and a gendered understanding of trauma is proposed. However, Liberian women demonstrated resilience; contributing to peace processes, taking up male roles and bringing the first ever woman Head of State to power .
Updated September 1, 2009.