Guidelines for prevention and response; Sexual and gender-based violence against refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons.
These Guidelines offer practical advice on how to design strategies and carry out activities aimed at preventing and responding to sexual and gender-based violence. They also contain information on basic health, legal, security and human rights issues relevant to those strategies and activities (168 pages).
armed conflict asylum seekers child soldiers children forced migration gender based violence post-traumatic stress disorder refugee health refugees rehabilitation sexual violence social support trauma treatment violence women
Psychosocial adjustment and social reintegration of children associated with armed forces and armed groups: the state of the field and future directions
Psychology beyond borders, Theresa Betancourt et al.
This report reviews the current state of the field on the psychosocial adjustment, mental health and wellbeing of former child soldiers. In the first part of the report we review what is currently known about the effects of childrens participation in armed forces on their psychological, economic and social wellbeing. In the second part of the report we discuss two main paradigms that dominate the field of service delivery for war-affected youth: the psychosocial approach and the clinical/psychiatric approach (102 pages).
Redress, Sarah Fulton, 2013
This report hopes to provide a useful resource for those seeking to build upon these developments, helping to translate them into change for individuals and communities. It does so by focusing on one strategy which has been fruitfully used both to bring rape within the international legal framework, and to seek justice in individual cases: making the link between rape and torture and other prohibited ill-treatment.
armed conflict asylum seekers child soldiers children gender based violence human rights mental health post-traumatic stress disorder psychiatric illness refugee health rehabilitation sexual violence torture women
The damage to the lives of children caused by the worst impacts of armed conflict cannot be fully repaired, but much has been done to protect children and enable them to better protect themselves.
Child soldiers as zones of violence in The Democratic Republic of Congo: three cases on medico-legal evidence of torture
Kitwe Mulunda Guy, IRCT
This article sets medico-legal light on torture of three former child soldiers by comparing torture methods, consequences of torture and medical observations. It is focused on these child soldiers as representatives of the many abuses of children as soldiers in armed groups.
Psychosocial intervention and post-war Reconstruction in Angola: interweaving Western and traditional approaches
Michael Wessells and Carlinda Monteiro
The intra-state wars that now comprise the dominant form of armed conflict in the world cause immense physical, psychological, and social damage, and create profound obstacles to peace. Worldwide, approximately a quarter of a million children participate in military activity, often as the result of victimization, coercion, or economic desperation. Many have killed or witnessed tortures, executions, and deaths. In Angola in 1994, there were over 9,000 child soldiers, most of whom had been forcibly recruited at age 13 to 14 years.
The public images of war focus almost exclusively on young men armed forces, suicide bombers, young men throwing stones at soldiers. The fact that girls remain invisible casts a long shadow on their involvement in war, particularly as the changing nature of war and conflict means that increasingly, civilians are affected as war is played out closer to people’s homes.
The psychosocial impact of war, HIV and other high-risk situations on girls and boys in West and Central Africa.
Jenny Morgan and Alice Beherendt
The psychological and physical suffering of children expressed in the testimonies makes for disturbing reading. But the findings need to be understood for what they are: reports on children in extreme situations where traditional and modern protection mechanisms of states, families and communities have failed .
UN General Assembly Security Council
The report includes information on compliance with applicable international law to end the recruitment and use of children in armed conflict and other grave violations being committed against children affected by armed conflict;1 information on progress made in the implementation of the monitoring and reporting mechanism and action plans to halt the recruitment and use of children, as well as progress made in mainstreaming children and armed conflict issues in United Nations peacekeeping and political missions
The Children and War Foundation has been created to ensure that more solid knowledge about children can be gathered, and then used to improve the care of all children affected by war and disaster. Two professional groups, the Center for Crisis Psychology in Bergen, Norway and the Institute of Psychiatry in London, UK, have been instrumental in setting up this foundation.