Focus on the ground-breaking report by Graça Machel which drew global attention to the devastating impact of armed conflict on children. Millions of children are caught up in conflicts in which they are not merely bystanders, but targets. Some fall victim to a general onslaught against civilians; others die as part of a calculated genocide. Still other children suffer the effects of sexual violence or the multiple deprivations of armed conflict that expose them to hunger or disease. Just as shocking, thousands of young people are cynically exploited as combatants. (78 pages, .pdf, for historical reference)
Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta BMJ, 2002
This article explores the origin of the current Afghan crisis and describes the impact of a quarter of a century of incessant conflict on Afghan children.
British Medical Journal, Somasundaram, 2002
We need to ask why children join armies. If we are to prevent children fighting we need to understand the conditions under which children become soldiers and work to improve these conditions. One such context, that of Sri Lanka, may shed some light on the issues.
Mona Macksoud, UNICEF, 2000
An essential tool for parents and teachers in helping children cope with the stresses of war and other forms of systematic violence. Based on methods and approaches that have been tested extensively in war-torn Lebanon, this book gives descriptions (illustrated by reproductions of children’s drawings) of nine wartime experiences that cause stress in children. General guidelines on handling the ‘problem behaviours’ with which children of various ages respond to stress are also presented. Ten specific problem behaviours ranging from bed-wetting to risk-taking are described, followed by practical advice on how parents and teachers can deal with them.
Global Information Network in Education Miller, Vachel W.; Affolter, Friedrich W., 2002
The number of countries in Africa where there is internal armed conflict has grown steadily over the past decade. Children are the most vulnerable population affected; they are the first victims of physical, social, and emotional violence, and of failed health systems. When access to education is severed, their potential to develop is stunted. This document is a response to the growing need to address these issues from the Office of Sustainable Development of USAIDs Africa Bureau (AFR/SD).
Changing the Face of Child Mental Health, 2006
In recent years, we have learned a great deal about the responses of children, families and communities to traumatic events.We have learned how disasters victimize children in many ways; they can disrupt families and communities, destroy homes and separate children from their loved ones. Children’s responses to trauma differ from those of adults and are based on a combination of factors: preexisting temperament, the nature of the trauma and what services were provided.We know that in times of stress adults and children alike may go through periods of shock, develop physical complaints and become angry, sad and/or scared. Children may also become more irritable or regress in their behavior and worry about the safety of those who care for them.
War Child is a network of independent organisations working across the world to help children affected by war. War Child UK was founded in February 1993 by Bill Leeson and David Wilson, two film makers, after they had returned from the former Yugoslavia having made a film for the BBC Arena programme about the role of artists in war.
The Children and Armed Conflict Unit aims to keep the issue of the impact of armed conflict on children in the public and institutional eye through its web-site, which provides accessible information on conflicts and relevant international standards and norms as well as good practices relating to children.
Refugee children living in Australia have usually survived a multitude of traumatic experiences in their country of origin. Exposed to war, persecution, extreme deprivation and sometimes torture, they are prone to post traumatic stress disorder and physical ailments.