Helsinki Committees have begun to emerge after the signing of the Final Helsinki Act in May 1975. Presently, they exist in 34 countries. Its goal is to protect citizens through monitoring the fulfillment of governmental responsibilities regarding human rights and freedoms, as adopted by the country through international agreements.
An website with links to different articles related to public health and social justice. The thematic page on War and Peace is relevant for our users.This page contains articles and slide shows on militarism, war, peace, nuclear weapons, terrorism, rape in war, genocide, and violence against women in the military.
Exhumation of Mass Graves in Iraq, Considerations for Forensic Investigations, Humanitarian Needs, and the Demands of Justice
Eric Stover; William D. Haglund, Margaret Samuels
As part of a larger strategy to rebuild Iraq’s health care system, the coordinating body could also oversee the training of local forensic scientists in the recovery and analysis of skeletal remains and other health care professionals in the assessment and treatment of the mental health of the surviving families of the missing. At the same time, any future internationally coordinated search for the missing should not undermine the capacity of local institutions to develop culturally appropriate responses to what are ultimately local problems that the people of Iraq will continue to face for decades to come.
Wendy Lambourne, United States Institute of Peace
The ending of overt violence via a peace agreement or military victory does not mean the achievement of peace.2 Rather, the ending of violence or a so-called post-conflict situation provides a new set of opportunities that can be grasped or thrown away.3 The international community can play a significant role in either nurturing or undermining this fragile peace building process. Both justice and reconciliation are fundamentally significant goals that need to be addressed in the design of successful post-conflict peace building processes and mechanisms, especially in the aftermath of genocide.
Judy Barsalou, United States Institute of Peace
The international community now recognizes that accounting for what happened during the conflict, seeking justice for those who were wronged, and promoting peaceful reconciliation among combatants and their broader societies are among the most important needs of countries emerging from violent conflict. While much has been written about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)the psychological distress that individuals may develop following exposure to an upsetting event outside the range of normal human experiencethe role that trauma plays in these processes on the broader societal level is less well understod.
Boston Center for Refugee Health and Human Rights
*To understand the scope and magnitude of human right violations
*To recognize signs and symptoms
*To learn how to approach these patients
*To be aware of resources available for this population
Rapid Assessment of Mental Health Needs of Refugees, Displaced and Other Populations Affected by Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations
This tool is applicable to forcibly displaced populations in humanitarian crisis as a result of persecution, war, and conflict. Given the evolution of humanitarian relief work, peace keeping and peace enforcing operations, increasingly, humanitarian protection and assistance is extended to besieged and non-displaced populations.
This document summarises the present position of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence on assisting populations exposed to extreme stressors, such as refugees, internally displaced persons, disaster survivors and terrorism-, war- or genocide-exposed populations.
Rwanda`s 1994 civil war officially ended in July of that year, but as massacres and episodes of genocide continue to erupt sporadically within and around Rwanda`s borders, the many faces of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continue to surface in dramatic ways (for historical reference).
J.Eriksson et al. Joint Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda
The primary objective of this report is to examine the effectiveness, impact and relevance of international assistance on repatriation, rehabilitation, reconstruction and long-term development in Rwanda in the aftermath of the violence that destroyed or severely damaged much of Rwanda`s social, cultural and economic institutions.