The Lancet Global Health, 2020
The Lancet Global Health‘s Nina Putnis speaks to Wietse Tol about his research on reducing psychological distress in female South Sudanese refugees, and the implications of this research for refugees and displaced people worldwide. Listen to the podcast below:
World Health Organization (WHO), 2010
This report presents compelling evidence that people with mental health conditions meet major criteria for vulnerability. The report also describes how vulnerability can lead to poor mental health, and how mental health conditions are widespread yet largely unaddressed among groups identified as vulnerable. It argues that mental health should be included in sectoral and broader development strategies and plans, and that development stakeholders have important roles to play in ensuring that people with mental health conditions are recognized as a vulnerable group and are not excluded from development opportunities. The rec
PROBLEM MANAGEMENT PLUS (PM+): Individual psychological help for adults impaired by distress in communities exposed to adversity
World Health Organization, 2016
With this manual, the World Health Organization (WHO) is responding to requests from colleagues around the world who seek guidance on psychological interventions for people exposed to adversity.
The manual describes a scalable psychological intervention called Problem Management Plus (PM+) for adults impaired by distress in communities who are exposed to adversity. Aspects of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) have been changed to make them feasible in communities that do not have many specialists. To ensure maximum use, the intervention is developed in such a way that it can help people with depression, anxiety and stress, whether or not exposure to adversity has caused these problems. It can be applied to improve aspects of mental health and psychosocial well-being no matter how severe people’s problems are.
The manual can be downloaded for free in 13 different languages here.
Scalable psychological interventions for people in communities affected by adversity: A new area of mental health and psychosocial work at WHO
World Health Organization, 2017
Global access to care for people with mental health and psychosocial problems could be significantly improved by developing, implementing, and evaluating scalable interventions. As highlighted within WHO’s mental health Gap Action Program (mhGAP), there is a large gap between prevalence of mental health problems and evidence-based service availability and use in the vast majority of communities of the world. Therefore, in communities affected by adversity, where this gap is often even more pronounced, the case for scalable psychological interventions is especially strong.
Mental health conditions in conflict situations are much more widespread than we thought: But there’s a lot we can do to support people
Dr Mark van Ommeren, WHO, 2019
“Today, there is no shortage of countries in conflict. UN estimates suggest that in 2019, nearly 132 million people in 42 countries around the world will need humanitarian assistance resulting from conflict or disaster. Nearly 69 million people worldwide have been forcibly displaced by violence and conflict, the highest number since World War II.
Fortunately, there’s a lot we can do to help them. Indeed, there’s a lot we are doing.
In 2019 WHO is addressing mental health in countries and territories with populations affected by large-scale emergencies across the world, in Bangladesh, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syria, Turkey, Ukraine and the West Bank and Gaza Strip, among others.
In many countries in the world, ignorance about mental health and mental illness remains widespread. The uptake of mental health care during conflict and other emergencies, in countries where such support has been limited, can lead to the identification of people who are tied up, locked in cages, hidden from society. In many cases, it is this very support that helps dispel myths about mental illness and leads to treatment and care and a path towards a more dignified life.
We have also learned that, when the political will exists, emergencies can be catalysts for building quality mental health services”, Dr Mark van Ommeren, WHO
New WHO prevalence estimates of mental disorders in conflict settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Fiona Charlson, Mark van Ommeren, Abraham Flaxman, Joseph Cornett, Harvey Whiteford, Shekhar Saxena, The Lancet, 2019
Background: Existing WHO estimates of the prevalence of mental disorders in emergency settings are more than a decade old and do not reflect modern methods to gather existing data and derive estimates. We sought to update WHO estimates for the prevalence of mental disorders in conflict-affected settings and calculate the burden per 1000 population.
The burden of mental disorders is high in conflict-affected populations. Given the large numbers of people in need and the humanitarian imperative to reduce suffering, there is an urgent need to implement scalable mental health interventions to address this burden.
Health and Human Rights Info, 2019
What makes this training different from others? This is the first Nigerian pidgin English seminar on Sexual Gender-Based Violence (GBV). The seminar focuses on improving skills in providing psychological support for GBV, especially sexual trauma survivors.
Who can attend?
• Helpers supporting survivors of GBV and sexual trauma in times of disasters, conflicts and emergency situations, and in places where access to health professionals, psychologist or psychiatrist expertise is limited.
• Helpers training other helpers/groups of helpers who need self-study materials
Who produced the seminar materials?
• A team of mental health experts from with many years of clinical, field and research experiences developed effective tools to empower helpers of GBV survivors
This flyer gives you information about the content of the GBV manual that the training is based on.
Maybe we confuse compassion with empathy. We are perhaps compassionate but it is hard for us to be empathic? This excellent animated film helps us to differentiate them. The power of empathy is an animated film that explains the difference between empathy and compassion. We are not always able to connect with other people’s emotions when they show and communicate their emotions, especially negative ones. Showing compassion causes people to distance themselves because they feel we don’t understand. However, when empathy take place, it connects with people. They feel heard and understood in their pain. Click here to see the animation
Kerstin Söderström, Polli Hagenaars, Tony Wainwright, and Ulrich Wagner, 2019
“Human Rights are of crucial importance to everyone in the world, psychologists included”. With this statement the European Federation of Psychologists’ Associations (EFPA, 2013) called for psychologists and their associations to engage in protection and promotion of human rights. EFPA aims to connect psychology with Human Rights in a way that psychology becomes more useful to the Human Rights agenda and Human Rights become an indispensable dimension of psychology.
Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors – STARTTS, non-profit organisation that provided culturally relevant psychological treatment and support, and community interventions, to help people and communities heal the scars of torture and refugee trauma and rebuild their lives in Australia, is offering a series of online workshops on different topics such as: Self-Care in Working with Torture and Trauma Survivors: Professional Boundaries, Transference and Countertransference, Challenges of Working Clinically with Domestic Violence when the Perpetrator is also a Torture and Refugee Trauma Survivor, The Challenge of Working Clinically with Children Severely Traumatised by the Experience of Offshore Detention on Nauru. To attend you should only make a registration depending on each workshop. For more information here click on the link below: