Redress and CNDDHH
This report builds on the presentations and discussions of the Americas Regional Experts Meeting on the Law and Practice on Torture, as well as information shared by experts on the basis of their expertise and experience in litigation and advocacy on torture related issues. The participants completed a questionnaire regarding the law and practice of torture in their jurisdiction and made presentations at the meeting covering national practice as well as thematic issues. The meeting provided an opportunity to exchange information and experiences on litigating torture cases and advocating legal and institutional reforms.
A practical guide that aims at providing torture rehabilitation centres and other NGOs involved in anti-torture activities with easily accessible and practical advice on how to most effectively engage with and contribute to country visits by the United Nations Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture (SPT) to promote relevant and high quality outcomes from the visit.
Karen Campbell-Nelson, Ed.D.
Liberia provides an interesting case study of the role women have played in peace building in the West African context. Liberian women played an integral role in bringing an end to armed conflict.
The right to reparation for survivors – Recommendations for reparation for survivors of the 1994 genocide against Tutsi
IBUKA and its 15 member organisations, the Survivors Fund (SURF) and REDRESS (the Organisations) submit this discussion paper to the Government of Rwanda to help progress discussions on reparation for survivors of the genocide with survivors, survivor organisations and other stakeholders. The Organisations propose a range of options that could be explored further with a view to ensuring that survivors ultimately secure reparation, in particular in the form of rehabilitation, restitution and compensation.
Elisabeth Sanchez-Padilla, German Casas, Rebecca F Grais
Colombia has been seriously affected by an internal armed conflict for more than 40 years affecting mainly the civilian population, who is forced to displace, suffers kidnapping, extortion, threats and assassinations. Between 2005 and 2008, Médecins Sans Frontières-France provided psychological care and treatment in the region of Tolima, a strategic place in the armed conflict. The mental health program was based on a short-term multi-faceted treatment developed according to the psychological and psychosomatic needs of the population. Here we describe the population attending during 2005-2008, in both urban and rural settings, as well as the psychological treatment provided during this period and its outcomes.
armed conflict mental health organised violence political prisoners post-traumatic stress disorder psychiatric diagnosis psychiatric illness psychosocial intervention reconciliation reconstruction torture trauma treatment Colombia
Van der Kolk et al.
Children and adults exposed to chronic interpersonal trauma consistently demonstrate psychological disturbances that are not captured in the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis.found that victims of prolonged interpersonal trauma, particularly trauma early in the life cycle, had a high incidence of problems with regulation of affect and impulses, memory and attention, self-perception, interpersonal relations, somatization, and systems of meaning. This raises important issues about the categorical versus the dimensional nature of posttraumatic stress, as well as the issue of comorbidity in PTSD.
Psychosocial adjustment and social reintegration of children associated with armed forces and armed groups: the state of the field and future directions
Psychology beyond borders, Theresa Betancourt et al.
This report reviews the current state of the field on the psychosocial adjustment, mental health and wellbeing of former child soldiers. In the first part of the report we review what is currently known about the effects of childrens participation in armed forces on their psychological, economic and social wellbeing. In the second part of the report we discuss two main paradigms that dominate the field of service delivery for war-affected youth: the psychosocial approach and the clinical/psychiatric approach (102 pages).
Survivors of the war in the Northern Kosovo: violence exposure, risk factors and public health effects of an ethnic conflict.
Shr-Jie Wang et al.
The aim of this population-based study was to assess the long-lasting effects of ethnic conflict on health and well-being (with a focus on injury and persistent pain) at family and community level. The possible risk factors for victimisation during the conflict and factors contributing to healing, have also been investigated.
From Violent Policies to Policies for Violence Prevention:Violence, power and mental health policy in 20th century South Africa
A. Butchart, B. Hamber, M. T. Blanche & M. Seedat
Strategies for the use or containment of violence have played a greater role in the dynamics of South Africa than in many other societies. As a result, references to the violent practices and policies of the past are prominent in the popular and political rhetoric of 1990s, and contemporary efforts to deal with the problem of violence are shadowed by what went before them. New policies should therefore be formulated with reference to what these historical strategies may teach us about the management of violence in the present.
Household exposure to violence and human rights violations in western Bangladesh (I): prevalence, risk factors and consequences.
Shr-Jie Wang, Jens Modvig, Edith Montgomery, RCT
The ruling parties in Bangladesh have systematically used violence against political opponents and criminals. It is essential to 1) determine the magnitude and burden of organized crime and political violence (OPV) and human rights violations in the affected community, and to 2) identify the risk factors and key indicators for developing effective health intervention and prevention measures. The level of violence and human rights violations is high. The affected population suffers from violence-related injuries and traumas, which could be a factor contributing to poverty. Victimisation is not random.