Patel et al., 2018
The Lancet Commission on Global Mental Health and Sustainable Development is a comprehensive synthesis of knowledge on global mental health, designed to catalyse worldwide action. It builds on the 2007 and 2011 The Lancet series on global mental health that helped make mental health care a greater priority worldwide. The ultimate goal of the Commission is to guide action to reduce the global burden of mental health problems. The Commission should give fresh impetus to the prioritisation of mental health, helping ensure physical and mental health are valued equally by the global health and development communities. The Commission has three unique guiding principles: – our approach to mental health covers the full spectrum of mental health from day-to-day wellness to long-term, disabling conditions. – mental health is the product of psychosocial, environmental, biological and genetic factors interacting with neurodevelopmental processes. – mental health should be respected as a fundamental right.
Effectiveness of a brief behavioural intervention on psychological distress among women with a history of gender-based violence in urban Kenya: A randomised clinical trial
R.A. Bryant et al., 2017
Gender-based violence (GBV) represents a major cause of psychological morbidity worldwide, and particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Although there are effective treatments for common mental disorders associated with GBV, they typically require lengthy treatment programs that may limit scaling up in LMICs. The aim of this study was to test the effectiveness of a new 5-session behavioural treatment called Problem Management Plus (PM+) that lay community workers can be taught to deliver
gender based violence mental health post-traumatic stress disorder psychiatric diagnosis psychiatric illness psychosocial intervention sexual violence survivor of GBV therapy trauma treatment violence women
Inter-American Institute of Human Rights, 2009
How do we deal with the issue of victims of torture so that litigation is a healing process per se? How do we provide comprehensive support in their search for justice and truth? Answering these questions is an objective of this book, which presents a review of the question of torture and its consequences with respect to litigation before the inter-American system for the protection of human rights. Our intention, on the one hand, is to emphasize the psychological and social dimensions of acts of torture and, on the other, to foster an interdisciplinary dialogue that would promote a broad perspective that captures the different aspects of this painful and complex reality.
impunity internally displaced persons international law mental health organised violence political prisoners post-traumatic stress disorder psychiatric illness psychosocial intervention reconciliation reconstruction torture trauma
Srinivasa Murthy and Lakshminarayana
In humanitarian emergencies and conflict situations psychological damage has traditionally not been addressed, its extent and impact have not been well studied. It is only through a greater focus of mental health problems as a result of war and conflict, can coherent and effective strategies for dealing with such problems be developed.
MSF, Kaz De Jong, 2011
These guidelines and the contribution to the Inter Agency Standing Committee Guidelines, Mental Health: Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings is written to share our technical experiences, to help colleagues and other humanitarian workers to avoid repeating the mistakes we have made. We do not claim that our intervention model is the only way to approach psychosocial or mental health problems in areas of conflict. We realise the limitations and opportunities of our organisations specific medical, humanitarian emergency origin as well as the specificity of our experiences.
armed conflict community crisis community reconstruction post-traumatic stress disorder poverty psychiatric diagnosis psychiatric illness psychosocial intervention reconstruction social support trauma treatment violence
The MHPSS Network is a growing global platform for connecting people, networks and organizations, for sharing resources and for building knowledge related to mental health and psychosocial support both in emergency settings and in situations of chronic hardship. We aspire to building and shaping good practice in support of people affected by difficult events or circumstances.
A group of professional and advocacy organizations that have joined forces to provide educational resources to individuals diagnosed with PTSD and their loved ones; those at risk for developing PTSD; and medical, healthcare and other frontline professionals.
HealthNet TPO is a Dutch aid agency that works on health care in general but also mental health in spesific, in areas disrupted by war or disasters. In these areas people are facing the immense task of rebuilding society while they suffer from poverty, diseases and the emotional consequences of conflict. We use health as both a goal and means: the goal is to reach accessible health care for all. By working on that together with local communities we use health as a means to bring people together and to restore mutual trust
Elisabeth Sanchez-Padilla, German Casas, Rebecca F Grais
Colombia has been seriously affected by an internal armed conflict for more than 40 years affecting mainly the civilian population, who is forced to displace, suffers kidnapping, extortion, threats and assassinations. Between 2005 and 2008, Médecins Sans Frontières-France provided psychological care and treatment in the region of Tolima, a strategic place in the armed conflict. The mental health program was based on a short-term multi-faceted treatment developed according to the psychological and psychosomatic needs of the population. Here we describe the population attending during 2005-2008, in both urban and rural settings, as well as the psychological treatment provided during this period and its outcomes.
armed conflict mental health organised violence political prisoners post-traumatic stress disorder psychiatric diagnosis psychiatric illness psychosocial intervention reconciliation reconstruction torture trauma treatment Colombia
Principles for the Protection of Persons With Mental Illness and the Improvement of Mental Health Care
An important international standard is the United Nations Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and for the Improvement of Mental Health Care. It has proved to be particularly valuable in applying human rights recognised in other instruments to people with mental illness and to situations affecting them (for historical reference).