Sveaass et Sønneland
The experiences of persons affected by gross human rights violations during the dictatorship in Argentina, with regard to economic reparations for their suffering and losses, were explored. Thirty-seven participants were interviewed, 35 of whom were survivors and/or family members of persons seriously affected by the violence during the period from 1976 to 1983. Economic reparations form part of the Argentine states efforts to deal with the atrocities of the past, with such reparations constituting one of the transitional justice mechanisms implemented.
American Psychological Association
When working with refugee children and their families, the most effective practitioners provide comprehensive services, are culturally competent, and integrate evidence-based practice with practice-based evidence. Truly rich multicultural practice involves a process of community engagement that allows for dialogue, questioning, and adaptation of practice to fit a groups beliefs and values while still providing culturally informed, effective care.
Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers, 2006
This report describes current child soldier and DDR programs, as well as gaps, funding needs and overlaps identified by those organizations. It further outlines proposals for information sharing and more effective advocacy work on child soldier issues in the sub-region. Ideas for new research are also proposed. this report is not an evaluation or compilation of best practices, but an attempt to share knowledge about the organizations working on DDR in the region, giving an overview of programs being undertaken by child protection agencies in West Africa. It does not intend to give a complete picture and many relevant and important programs and activities are not mentioned here simply because it was not possible to meet every stakeholder.
Psychosocial adjustment and social reintegration of children associated with armed forces and armed groups: the state of the field and future directions
Psychology beyond borders, Theresa Betancourt et al.
This report reviews the current state of the field on the psychosocial adjustment, mental health and wellbeing of former child soldiers. In the first part of the report we review what is currently known about the effects of childrens participation in armed forces on their psychological, economic and social wellbeing. In the second part of the report we discuss two main paradigms that dominate the field of service delivery for war-affected youth: the psychosocial approach and the clinical/psychiatric approach (102 pages).
Returning home: forced conscription, reintegration, and mental health status of former abductees of the Lord’s Resistance Army in Northern Uganda
Phuong N Pham, Patrick Vinck, Eric Stover
Abduction and forced conscription of civilians has affected the psychological well-being of a significant number of northern Ugandans. The sources of psychological trauma are multiple, ranging from witnessing to being forced to commit violent acts, and compounded by prolonged exposure to violence, often for months or years. Community-based mental health care services and reintegration programs are needed to facilitate the reintegration of former abductees back into their communities .
Commission Of The European Communities, 2008. A framework for community humanitarian actions covering children in crisis situations with focus on separated and no accompanied children, child soldiers and education in emergencies. This general framework will be implemented according to the specificities of each crisis situation taking into account the available resources and the presence of competent partners in the field.
Nepali Voices: Perceptions of Truth, Justice, Reconciliation, Reparations and the Transition in Nepal
International Center for Transitional Justice, Occasional Paper
Various transitional-justice mechanisms were included in Nepals Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in November 2006. The International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ), together with Advocacy Forum (AF), decided to carry out a study on victims perceptions of issues such as truth, justice, reparations, reconciliation, and the general transition in Nepal. This study seeks to contribute to the debate about the transitional process in Nepal, bringing to the discussion the perceptions and opinions of the people who were directly affected by violence during the conflict. TheICTJandAFconsider it important to bring the voice of the victims into a debate involving all sectors of society.
Internally Displaced Persons from the Prizren Area of Kosovo: Living Conditions, Mental Health and Repatriation Issues
International Aid Network (IAN)
Throughout and immediately after the formal end of the Kosovo conflict and cessation of NATO bombardment of FR Yugoslavia in 1999, a great number of Serbs and other non-Albanians from Prizren and other regions of Kosovo were forced to flee for refuge to other parts of the country. On the report of respective estimates of certain international organizations (UNHCR, ICRC) about 200, 000 persons were forcibly displaced into the parts of Serbia outside Kosovo (50 pages, .doc, for historical reference).
When Forced Migrants Return Home: The Psychosocial Difficulties Returnees Encounter in the Reintegration Process
Tania Ghanem Refugee Studies Centre
Since the 1980s onwards, voluntary repatriation has been promoted by governments, NGOs and UN agencies as the ultimate solution to refugees displacement. Policy makers, donor countries, practitioners and researchers have typically disregarded, or at least overlooked, the meaning of repatriation from the returnees point of view. It is assumed that beyond the technical aspects of repatriation, the return of forced migrants to their country of origin does not raise any particular challenge to those concerned. A returnee is perceived as the reverse condition of a refugee. While refugees are seen as uprooted and displaced, returnees are considered to be naturally re-rooted and placed back in the right order of things.
Repatriation as a part of reconstructive process in torture surviviors (interpersonal and intrapersonal process). Made in collaboration with the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency.