The mental health of children affected by armed conflict: Protective processes and pathways to resilience
Theresa Stichick Betancourt and Kashif Tanveer Khan
This paper examines the concept of resilience in the context of children affected by armed conflict. Resilience has been frequently viewed as a unique quality of certain invulnerable children. In contrast, this paper argues that a number of protective processes contribute to resilient mental health outcomes in children when considered through the lens of the child’s social ecology.
Neill Ghosh et al.
Meeting the mental health needs of those persons in conflict and post-conflict situations in the eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) is an important goal of the World Health Organization. Of the 22 countries in the EMR, 85% of the population has been affected by conflict in the past two decades. This has resulted in a high prevalence of mental disorder, most commonly depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety. A number of innovative, culturally sensitive interventions have been developed to meet the mental health needs of the populations. These include the use of ‘focusing’ in Afghanistan, the Education for Peace Programme in Lebanon, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency’s work with refugees in Gaza, life skills education in Iran and the training of professionals in Afghanistan.
Humuliza Project, Terre des Hommes, Switzerland, 1999
Representing a different crisis, our aim is to contribute to the discussion of and the search for new coping mechanisms needed in such a situation. Our focus goes on children and the way how the Tanzanian society is looking to them.
Werner, W., 2013
The psychological suffering of children during war is an often overlooked, yet crucial, outcome of armed conflict. Many children have lived through conflict, political violence, displacement and starvation. This paper examines some of the issues surrounding the psychological costs of war.
American Psychological Association
Terrorism is the “systematic threat or use of unpredicted violence by organized groups to achieve a political objective. Terrorism`s impact has been magnified by the deadliness of modern-day weapons and the ability of mass communications to inform the world of such acts” (Merriam Webster, 2000). This remarkably insightful definition, written more than a year prior to the devastating attacks on our nation, is supported by studies conducted by psychological researchers in the aftermath of these attacks.
The American Psychological Association
No one knows how long a war will last or how it will affect our lives. We may feel uncertain about the future and anxious about events that are out of our control. You may react differently to a war today because of the impact of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Terrorism creates fear and uncertainty about the future. Because terrorist acts are random and unpredictable, war today poses a new kind of threat, one with which Americans have had little experience. You may feel more afraid, insecure, and vulnerable as a result of concerns that the United States could be attacked again.