The World Organisation Agains Torture (OMCT), 2001
The “International Conference on Children, Torture and Other Forms of Violence: Facing the Facts, Forging the Future” brought together 183 participants from 73 countries from all regions, representing a wide range of international and national NGOs, other organisations and observers from governments and international governmental organisations.
The centre treats men, women, and children who are victims of torture, state violence, social/domestic violence, rape/sexual abuse, and institutional violence. Treatment lines are tailored according to each client. Although most clients are of Egyptian nationality, other nationalities are also seen.
Of all forms of violence, rape is considered the most cruel and inhuman form of torture. The fear of rape is common to all women, however, among Northeast Indian women this fear is heightened by the situation in which they live.
In October 1999, a team of doctors who worked in ARCT and ACHR, Albania, supported by the International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT) set up a rehabilitation centre. The Kosova Rehabilitation Centre for Torture Victims (KRCT) is an independent, non-governmental and non-profit organisation placed in Prishtina.
Historically very few measures have been taken to address sexual violence against women committed during armed conflict, it is not true to say that there has always been complete silence about the issue. Belligerents have often capitalized upon the abuse of their women to garner sympathy and support for their side, and to strengthen their resolve against the enemy. Usually, the apparent concern for these women vanishes when the propaganda value of their suffering diminishes, and they are left without any prospect of redress (for historical reference).
UN High Commissioner for Refugees, 1995
The Guidelines provide basic advice on appropriate action, particularly preventive, and are also intended to encourage active reflection and discussion between colleagues. They seek to promote attitudinal changes in relation to sexual violence where these are an obstacle, to improve or initiate services that address psychosocial as well as health needs, and, overall, to create an awareness and sensitivity to the special needs and concerns of refugees who have been subjected to sexual violence. (102 pages, .pdf for historical reference)