Van der Kolk et al.
Children and adults exposed to chronic interpersonal trauma consistently demonstrate psychological disturbances that are not captured in the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis.found that victims of prolonged interpersonal trauma, particularly trauma early in the life cycle, had a high incidence of problems with regulation of affect and impulses, memory and attention, self-perception, interpersonal relations, somatization, and systems of meaning. This raises important issues about the categorical versus the dimensional nature of posttraumatic stress, as well as the issue of comorbidity in PTSD.
Guidelines for prevention and response; Sexual and gender-based violence against refugees, returnees and internally displaced persons.
These Guidelines offer practical advice on how to design strategies and carry out activities aimed at preventing and responding to sexual and gender-based violence. They also contain information on basic health, legal, security and human rights issues relevant to those strategies and activities (168 pages).
armed conflict asylum seekers child soldiers children forced migration gender based violence post-traumatic stress disorder refugee health refugees rehabilitation sexual violence social support trauma treatment violence women
Ibrahim A. Kira, Asha Ahmed, Vanessa Mahmoud & Fatima Wassim
This article looks at the Center for Torture and Trauma Survivors therapy group model for torture survivors and describes two of its variants: The Bashal group for African and Somali women and the Bhutanese multi-family therapy group. Group therapies in this model extend to community healing. Groups develop their cohesion to graduate to a social community club or initiate a community organization.
Redress, Sarah Fulton, 2013
This report hopes to provide a useful resource for those seeking to build upon these developments, helping to translate them into change for individuals and communities. It does so by focusing on one strategy which has been fruitfully used both to bring rape within the international legal framework, and to seek justice in individual cases: making the link between rape and torture and other prohibited ill-treatment.
armed conflict asylum seekers child soldiers children gender based violence human rights mental health post-traumatic stress disorder psychiatric illness refugee health rehabilitation sexual violence torture women
Justice Denied: The experiences of 100 torture surviving women of seeking justice and rehabilitation
The case histories of 100 women survivors of torture from 24 countries who sought asylum in the United Kingdom were reviewed in order to assess their experiences of torture and ill treatment and of accessing justice and rehabilitative help and support in their countries of origin.
The SVRI aims to promote research on sexual violence and generate empirical data that ensures sexual violence is recognised as a priority public health problem. The SVRI does this by building an experienced and committed network of researchers, policy makers, activists and donors to ensure that the many aspects of sexual violence are addressed from the perspective of different disciplines and cultures.
Handbook on Direct Assistance for Victims of Trafficking IOM has had some 13 years of experience in implementing counter-trafficking activities and has provided assistance to over 14,000 victims of trafficking in all regions of the world. This Handbook summarizes and systematizes this experience. IOM recognizes that each victim is unique and requires and desires different assistance. As well, the nature of trafficking is different around the world and is ever evolving, requiring changing responses
Sexual violence against women and girls in war and its aftermath: realities, responses, and required resources
Jeanne Ward and Mendy Marsh, 2006
Addressing GBV requires coordinated, inter-agency, and multi-sectoral strategies that aim for prevention through policy reform and implementation of protective mechanisms and building the capacity of health, social welfare, legal and security systems to recognize, monitor, and respond to GBV; in addition to ensure rapid and respectful services to survivors (34 pages, .pdf. for historical reference).
Z. Rasekh, H.M. Bauer, M. Manos, V. Lacopino
The current health and human rights status of women described in this report suggests that the combined effects of war-related trauma and human rights abuses by Taliban officials have had a profound effect on Afghan women’s health. Moreover, support for women’s human rights by Afghan women suggests that Taliban policies regarding women are incommensurate with the interests, needs, and health of Afghan women (8 pages, for historical reference)
Association of Combatant Status and Sexual Violence With Health and Mental Health Outcomes in Post Conflict Liberia
Kirsten Johnson et al.
Former combatants in Liberia were not exclusively male. Both female and male former combatants who experienced sexual violence had worse mental health outcomes than noncombatants and other former combatants who did not experience exposure to sexual violence.