Association of Combatant Status and Sexual Violence With Health and Mental Health Outcomes in Post Conflict Liberia
Kirsten Johnson et al.
Former combatants in Liberia were not exclusively male. Both female and male former combatants who experienced sexual violence had worse mental health outcomes than noncombatants and other former combatants who did not experience exposure to sexual violence.
PHR and HHI, 2009
This report amplifies the voices of some 88 women in the Farchana refugee camp, some of them breaking their silence for the first time. They spoke about the sexual violence visited upon them both in Darfur and in the environs of the refugee camps in Chad, and about their lives and difficulties in the camp. The report reveals the profound stigma and physical violence to which many women have been subjected as a result of sexual assault.
Women, girls, boys and men different needs equal opportunities. Gender Handbook in Humanitarian Action.
This handbook offers practical guidance on identifying and addressing the differing needs and situations of women, girls, boys and men; in other words, being sensitive to gender issues in humanitarian crises. The IASC Guidelines for Gender-based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Settings serve as a complement to this handbook and should be used in conjunction with it.
Ruth Ojiambo-Ochieng, Helen Liebling-Kalifani & Juliet Were-Oguttu
Levels of psychological trauma are very high resulting in a large percentage of women not being able to work. The stigma and shame of womens experiences and their reproductive health problems has further impact on their identities and a gendered understanding of trauma is proposed. However, Liberian women demonstrated resilience; contributing to peace processes, taking up male roles and bringing the first ever woman Head of State to power .
A Practical Approach to Gender Based Violence: A Programme Guide for Health Care Providers and Managers
A sizeable proportion of women, worldwide, have experienced GBV. However, many women will not mention violence unless asked directly. Yet, few health care providers have been trained to address these difficult issues with their clients and few clinics have activities that specifically address the needs of victims of GBV. To help break the silence we are embarking on an innovative strategy to assist survivors of violence by integrating the assessment and treatment of GBV into Reproductive Health services.
(HREA) is an international non-governmental organisation that supports human rights learning; the training of activists and professionals; the development of educational materials and programming; and community-building through on-line technologies. HREA is dedicated to quality education and training to promote understanding, attitudes and actions to protect human rights, and to foster the development of peaceable, free and just communities.
Evaluation of psychological support for victims of sexual violence in a conflict setting: results from Brazzaville, Congo
Sarah Hustache1 et al.
Little is known about the impact of psychological support in war and transcultural contexts and in particular, whether there are lasting benefits. This article present an evaluation of the late effect of post-rape psychological support provided to women in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo.
Health professionals can use the guidelines as a day-to-day service document and/or as a tool to guide the development of health services for victims of sexual violence. The guidelines can also be used to prepare in-service training courses on sexual violence for health care practitioners and other members of multidisciplinary teams.
The relationship of SGBV to Sexual-risk Behavior among Refugee Women: The Mediating Role of Depression
This study investigated the relationships of SGBV, learned helplessness, depression, and sexual-risk behaviors among refugee women in Botswana utilizing a cross-sectional research design and the theory of learned helplessness. A total of 402 female refugees who were at least 21 years old residing at the Dukwi refugee camp participated in this investigation within a three-month period.
Finding immediate care is critically important after a sexual assault. The provision of medical care within days after rape is vital to limit serious consequences for the victims: treatment to prevent HIV infection has to start within three days, emergency contraception is possible within five.