By definition is a disaster a tragedy of a natural or human-made hazard (this a situation which poses a level of threat to life, property, environment) that negatively affects society or environment. Often developing countries suffer much greater costs when a disaster hits because these countries are much more vulnerable, and have less appropriate disaster management measures. We differentiate between natural disasters, for ex. Earthquakes, floods, volcano eruptions as well as public health emergencies such as outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics. In addition to man-made disasters, as technological disasters (results of failure of technology – engineering failure, transport disasters, environmental) and sociological (riots, war, criminal acts etc).
All these disasters can cause – in addition to all damages on the infrastructure – significant psychological and social suffering to the population that has been affected. The psychological and social impacts of disasters may be acute in the short term, but they can also undermine the long-term mental health and psychosocial well-being of the affected population. These impacts may threaten peace, human rights and development. One of the priorities in emergencies is thus to protect and improve people’s mental health and psychosocial well-being. On this page we have collected some useful links with information about disaster.