Definitions and terms

Definitions and terms

On this page you can find articles, websites and documents describing what GBV is as well as general terms and topics used when describing and discussing GBV.

What is gender-based violence?
EIGE, 2017
Gender-based violence is a phenomenon deeply rooted in gender inequality, and continues to be one of the most notable human rights violations within all societies. Gender-based violence is violence directed against a person because of their gender. Both women and men experience gender-based violence but the majority of victims are women and girls.

Definitions of sexual and gender-based violence
IRIN & UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 2004
Part of a report-cluster which covers a wide range of aspects on GBV, offers additional views and definitions.

Facts and figures: Ending violence against women 
UN Women, 2019

General overview on VAW, definitions, terms, facts.

Understanding and addressing violence against women: Sexual violence
World Health Organization, 2012
Sexual violence encompasses acts that range from verbal harassment to forced penetration, and an array of types of coercion, from social pressure and intimidation to physical force.

WHO Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence against Women
World Health Organization, 2005
This study analyses data from 10 countries and sheds new light on the prevalence of violence against women in countries where few data were previously available. It also uncovers the forms and patterns of this violence across different countries and cultures, documenting the consequences of violence for women’s health. No specific focus on GBV in the context of conflict and war.

Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences
UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, 2011
Overview over VAW, also in the context of war and conflict zones, and suggestions of topics in need of further attention.

Shattered lives: Immediate medical care vital for sexual violence victims 
Médecins Sans Frontières, 2009
This booklet includes both an overview over the topic, the necessary procedures concerning the victims/survivors (mostly medical) in the field, as well as explanations by means of presenting the situation in some chosen countries. –

The Egypt economic cost of gender-based violence survey (ECGBVS) 2015
The first national survey measuring prevalence of the different types and forms of gender based violence inflicted on women and girls and its impact on women’s health, and it measures the associated economic costs on their families, society and state as a whole. The survey is expected to guide policy-makers and planners to formulate evidence-based strategies and action plans to combat gender based violence in Egypt.