Human rights framework

Human rights framework

Here we present the framework for working with human rights and gender-based violence, such as United Nations resolutions, reports and examples of good practice. In response to persistent advocacy from civil society the UN Security Council has  adopted different resolutions on “Women, Peace and Security” – Security Councils Resolution 1325 (2000); 1820 (2009); 1888 (2009); 1889 (2010) 1960 (2011) 2106 (2013); 2122 (2013), 2242 (2015), 2467 and 2493 (2019). The nine resolutions should be seen together under a single umbrella, as they comprise the Women, Peace and Security international policy framework. They guide work to promote and protect the rights of women in conflict and post-conflict situations. Additionally, as binding Security Council resolutions, they should be implemented by all Member States and relevant actors, including UN system entities and parties to conflict.

Women, Peace and Security international policy framework – the resolutions
Peace Women, 2019
UN Security Council Resolutions, with overview and insight to each of the ten resolutions, useful to check the “speak local” links.

UN-Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security
UN, 2000
Essential and fundamental UN-resolution about that topic – “impact of armed conflict on women and girls”, with proposals how to realize targets.

Strengthening the protection of Women from Torture 
UNHCR, 2008
Report of the Special Rapporteur on Torture and other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or punishment, A/HRC/7/3, 15 January 2008. The term “torture” seen in connection with “violence against women”, and some conclusions to be drawn international, with implications on justice, reparation, other (human) rights.

Indicators on Violence Against Women and State Response 
Human Rights Council, 2008
Report of the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences /

‘The Maputo Protocol’ – Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa 
Equality Now, 2021
One of the world’s most comprehensive and progressive women’s human rights instruments, the Protocol to the African Charter on the Rights of Women in Africa (‘the Maputo Protocol’) was adopted by Heads of State and Government in Maputo, Mozambique on 11 July 2003.

Women’s Rights are Human Rights
UN, 2014
This publication provides an introduction to women’s human rights, beginning with the main provisions in international human rights law and going on to explain particularly relevant concepts for fully understanding women’s human rights.

Nairobi declaration on women`s and girl`s right to a remedy and reparation
International Federation for Human Rights, 2007
Conclusion/declaration as a result of an international meeting on “Women’s and Girls’ Right to a Remedy and Reparation”, held in Nairobi  2007. Participants have been women’s rights advocates and activists, as well as survivors of sexual violence in situations of conflict, from Africa, Asia, Europe, Central, North and South America. Here`s the focus on remedy and reparation for the survivors of GBV.

Sustainable Development Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls 
UN Women, 2017
Gender-based violence seen in different contexts, with the goal to present some of the most important topics: in combination with poverty, reproductive health, HIV, in conflict situations. Issues and challenges with all these topics. –

Gender based violence and the law
Jeni Klugman, Georgetown University, World Development Report, 2017
The Sustainable Development Goals include a specific target to “eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres.” A recent special series of The Lancet on addressing violence against women provides an excellent overview of the current evidence, and highlights that while growing international recognition creates opportunities for renewed government commitment, solutions will not be quick or easy.

Thematic Prosecution of International Sex Crimes 
FICHL, Morten Bergsmo ed., 2012
Deals with the topic of thematic prosecution of core international crimes. Its focus is on international sex crimes. It is important to justify the singling out of a narrow range of criminality for prosecution, whether in internationalized or national criminal jurisdictions. Thematic prosecutions should be explained to the public. Absent proper justification, the thematic prosecution of core international crimes is likely to generate increasing controversy. This timely publication will hopefully raise awareness and generate discussion about the possibilities and challenges of the use of thematic prosecution among those working in criminal justice agencies, academia, civil society, and the media (474 pages).

Changing the Criminal Justice System’s Response to Sexual Assault/Gender Based Violence in Canada 
ISP EMPLOYMENT LAW, Jennifer Canas, 2017
Trauma Informed Sexual Assault Investigation and Adjudication Training. Justice, for survivors of sexual assault/gender based violence, demands that Trauma-Informed Sexual Assault training and education about the impact of trauma on the brain, complexities and dynamics underlying a survivor’s response to such assault, the myths and stereotypes of sexual assault, and including investigative/questioning skills be provided within the whole of the criminal justice system across Canada, otherwise we will continue to see justice denied.