Post-conflict communities and Transitional Justice – some examples in reality

Post-conflict communities and Transitional Justice – some examples in reality

The implementation of transitional justice in international law, and the increased consciousness on this topic made it possible that during the past years tribunals could be established in the aftermath of (civil) wars and armed conflict. Here we are listing some web-sites and literature which give an overview over some examples.

Colombia’s Truth Commission Prepares to Embark on the Extraterritorial Truth-Telling Process
ICTJ Nyasha Laing 2018
In the dynamic political landscape that has emerged following 50 years of conflict, Colombia is taking steps toward truth and accountability. The Commission for the Clarification of Truth, Coexistence, and Non-Repetition (the “Commission”) is scheduled to begin taking statements in November 2018. While its task of constructing a historical truth from the stories of millions of victims will be colossal, the preparation for its launch has reinvigorated hope among victims for healing their long-held traumas.

Transitional justice time for a re-think
Paul Seils, 2018.
The transitional justice toolkit was developed for circumstances unlike most of today’s violent conflicts. It needs to be re-thought to provide results on issues that matter most to victims.

Towards justice and reconciliation in post-conflict countries
Charles Mulinda Kabwete, 2018
This article contributes to the debates around concepts of truth, confession, forgiveness and reconciliation. The theoretical discussion shows to what extent these concepts are interconnected, and share a complex relation with justice and reconciliation. It argues that the knowledge about past violence is hardly a canonical truth. It is at best a negotiated truth. This knowledge is inevitably a combination of facts and interpretations. This knowledge is sought and used for understanding past violence but also for paving a way towards the reconstruction of post-conflict societies.

To Prosecute or Not to Prosecute: The Need for Justice in Post-Conflict Sri Lanka
United Nations University, 2017
At the close of his visit to Sri Lanka in late October 2017, the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence, Mr Pablo de Greiff concluded that Sri Lanka “continues to deprive itself of the benefits of transitional justice.” In 2015, the Sri Lankan government co-sponsored UN Human Rights Council Resolution 30/1 on promoting reconciliation, accountability and human rights in Sri Lanka.

Progress of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
The International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) 2009
Overview of the proceedings of the ECCC, the hybrid tribunal created in 2006 to try senior leaders of the Khmer Rouge and those “most responsible” for the crimes that took place. The court has five suspects in custody and has almost completed its first trial which began in March of 2009.

Exhumation of Mass Graves in Iraq – Considerations for Forensic Investigations, Humanitarian Needs, and the Demands of Justice
Eric Stover, William D. Haglund, Margaret Samuels, JAMA august 2003
This brief (5 p.) article highlights the problems to provide controlled exploration and examination of mass graves in Iraq, during ongoing war/conflict and no officially established crime court. Important consideration, although maybe some outdated by newer history and development in Iraq.

Accountability in Argentina
International Center for Transitional Justice, august 2005
This articles outlines (10 p.)the significant ongoing changes in Argentinia, regarding the investigation and prosecution of human rights violations that occurred from 1976 to 1983.

Nepali Voices: Perceptions of Truth, Justice, Reconciliation, Reparations and the Transition in Nepal
International Center for Transitional Justice, march 2008
In this book (66 p) we find a summary of a study The Internat. Center for Transitional Justice together with the Advocacy Forum had carried out during 2007. It was about the victims` perception of issues such as truth, justice, reparations, reconciliation, and the general transition in Nepal. The conclude with some advice and policy recommandations.

Liberia – War-battered nation launches truth commission
IRIN news, UN Office for the coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, 2006
A report on the implementation of a truth and reconciliation commission the Liberian government has launched, to probe human rights abuses in the past.

Truth Commission: Sierra Leone 
USIP- United States Institute of Peace
This report is a brief summary of truth commission in Sierra Leone; it provides useful information on conclusions, recommendations and subsequent developments.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Interim Report 
Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, 2012

This interim report covers the activities of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada on traumatized Aboriginal people who forcibly were assimilated into the Canadian mainstream by eliminating parental and community involvement in the intellectual, cultural, and spiritual development of Aboriginal children The report summarizes: the activities of the Commissioners, the Commission’s interim findings, the Commission’s recommendations.

The Iran Tribunal Holds Truth Commission In London
The site is intended to be a brief sketch of the method by which an investigation of the gross human rights violations committed by the Islamic Regime of Iran in the 1980’s will take place.

What is a Truth Commission and Why Does it Matter? 
Peace & Conflict Review, Eric Brahm 2009
There is a growing body of comparative research that seeks to produce empirical evidence and, thereby, contribute to policy debates on the relative merits of truth commissions. However, these efforts have been plagued by a lack of attention to case selection. The lack of consensus on what constitutes the universe of truth commission cases has contributed to a pattern of inconclusive, inconsistent findings. This article reviews the empirical literature and finds over 70 potential truth commission cases. After examining some of the reasons behind such disagreement, Brahm offers Freeman’s (2006) typology of investigative commissions as the best suited to advance research in the field.

Why Just Counting the Dead in Syria Won’t Bring Them Justice 
Foreign Policy, 
Patrick Ball 2016
A full tally of the war’s horrific violence requires estimates, models, and sophisticated pattern analysis to understand who’s responsible and why. Hundreds of thousands of people have been killed and millions more displaced by this five-years-and-counting conflict. But what does this catalog of shattered lives mean? How can we gather accurate statistics about the patterns of killings in Syria and use them as a tool to bring the perpetrators to justice?