1. Welcome to the first tutorial.
This is a short introduction to the manual. This part gives you a general idea of the intention for making the manual, where to download it, how it is out lined and how to read it. Page 1-6 in the manual.
2. Why the human rights based approach?
Understanding the experiences of participants and survivors in terms of rights and their violation may be creative and bring insights, and can give survivors and their helpers valuable tools. Awareness of human rights, and their great importance for everyone, can be a valuable resource when working with people whose rights have been brutally disrespected. Human rights values may assist us both to understand the suffering we encounter and find ways to respond to it in a respectful and helpful way.
3. How to be a good helper?
What is a good helper in your community? What are the tools we already use and what are the new tools we can acquire from the manual.
4. Helping the helper
This tutorial is about how to support the helpers. For helper’s empathy is an essential aspect of good assistance. This is also a source for compassion fatigue, vicarious traumatization or secondary traumatic stress. Early recognition and awareness are crucial to be resilient to these symptoms.
5. The window of tolerance
Katinka Salvesen is a clinical psychologist working with trauma patients at the Modum Bad Clinic in Oslo. Among other, she is an experienced trainer, working with helpers and survivors of sexual violence in Congo. In this tutorial she will introduce the window of tolerance as a therapeutic metaphor that we can use to explain trauma reactions. This tutorial is the first of a series of three.
6. The butterfly woman metaphor
The manual uses the metaphor of the butterfly woman. A made-up story about a women who is raped by soldiers is presented. Her experiences, her life before the rape, her reactions and thoughts are presented. Furthermore the story contains descriptions about the way in which she sees herself afterwards, reluctantly asks for help and then slowly proceeds in her life through a lot of difficult steps.
7. The Butterfly Woman Story
This is the story of the Butterfly Woman, a metaphorical narrative that is based on women’s encounter of gender-based violence in armed conflicts. After being violated by soldiers, her life is turned into chaos. By the support of the good helper she learns ways to cope in order regain dignity. The story is created from the testimonies of the survivors in various parts of the world.
The metaphor of the Butterfly woman was developed by Judith van der Weele and Annika With. It is described in Butterfly Woman: Handbook for women who live difficult lives (Oslo: Sommerfuglkvinnes forlag), a handbook they use in their training. The metaphor is included in this manual with the authors’ permission.