Mental health promotion in post-conflict countries

Meeting the mental health needs of those persons in conflict and post-conflict situations in the eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) is an important goal of the World Health Organization. Of the 22 countries in the EMR, 85% of the population has been affected by conflict in the past two decades. This has resulted in a high prevalence of mental disorders, most commonly depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and anxiety. A number of innovative, culturally sensitive interventions have been developed to meet the mental health needs of the population. These include the use of ‘focusing’ in Afghanistan, the Education for Peace Programme in Lebanon, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency’s work with refugees in Gaza, life skills education in Iran and the training of professionals in Afghanistan. (Only an abstract, but cited by many publicationsĀ  – How to Rebuild a Nation: Improving Mental Health in Post-Conflict Countries by Raushun Kirtikar among others.)